But it wasn’t until the War of Independence that female Israeli citizens came under a mandatory conscription order. After 1948, every woman over the age of 18 was required to serve in the Women’s Corps for 21 months if they were single, or if they were married but did not yet have children.
Until 2001, women served in the Women’s Corps in more traditional roles like clerks, drivers, welfare workers, nurses, radio operators, flight controllers, ordnance personnel, and course instructors.
Things started to get shaken up in 2001, when women began to agitate for more equality. The Women’s Corps was disbanded and women started to serve in more important positions, including combat positions. Women also saw their term of service extended to 24 months. By contrast, men serve a minimum of 36 months.